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UPSC Essentials | Mains answer practice — GS 2 (Week 25) | UPSC Current Affairs News


UPSC Essentials brings to you its initiative for the practice of Mains answer writing. Mains Answer Writing covers essential topics of static and dynamic parts of the UPSC Civil Services syllabus covered under various GS papers. This answer-writing practice is designed to help you as a value addition to your UPSC CSE Mains. Attempt today’s answer writing on questions related to topics of GS-2 to check your progress.

India’s vote for the UN resolution on the war in Gaza signals a shift in Middle East policy towards realism. Discuss

QUESTION 2

How Chief Information Commission is constituted and what are the eligibility criteria for appointment of information commissioners and chief information commissioner? Discuss the powers and functions of Information Commissions with respect to complaints.

General points on the structure of the answers

Introduction

— The introduction of the answer is essential and should be restricted to 3-5 lines. Remember, a one-liner is not a standard introduction.

— It may consist of basic information by giving some definitions from the trusted source and authentic facts.

Body

Festive offer

— It is the central part of the answer and one should understand the demand of the question to provide rich content.

— The answer must be preferably written as a mix of points and short paragraphs rather than using long paragraphs or just points.

— Using facts from authentic government sources makes your answer more comprehensive. Analysis is important based on the demand of the question, but do not over analyse.

— Underlining keywords gives you an edge over other candidates and enhances presentation of the answer.

— Using flowcharts/tree-diagram in the answers saves much time and boosts your score. However, it should be used logically and only where it is required.

Way forward/ Conclusion

— The ending of the answer should be on a positive note and it should have a forward-looking approach. However, if you feel that an important problem must be highlighted, you may add it in your conclusion. Try not to repeat any point from body or introduction.

— You may use the findings of reports or surveys conducted at national and international levels, quotes etc. in your answers.

Self Evaluation

— It is the most important part of our Mains answer writing practice. UPSC Essentials will provide some guiding points or ideas as a thought process that will help you to evaluate your answers.

THOUGHT PROCESS

You may enrich your answers by some of the following points

QUESTION 1: India’s vote for the UN resolution on the war in Gaza signals a shift in Middle East policy towards realism. Discuss

Introduction:

— India was among 145 countries which voted in favour of a United Nations resolution that condemned Israeli settlement activities in “the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and in the occupied Syrian Golan”.

— Earlier, On October 28, India had abstained on the Jordanian-drafted resolution that called for an immediate, durable and sustained humanitarian truce leading to a cessation of hostilities.

Body:

You may incorporate some of the following points in the body of your answer:

— The UN draft resolution, titled “Israeli settlements in the Occupied Palestinian Territory, including East Jerusalem, and the occupied Syrian Golan”, was passed with overwhelming majority on November 9.

— While seven countries — United States, Canada, Hungary, Israel, Marshall Islands, Federated States of Micronesia and Nauru — voted against the resolution, 18 abstained from voting.

— With the resolution, the UN condemned settlement activities in the areas, and any activities involving the confiscation of land, disruption of livelihood of protected persons, forced transfer of civilians, and annexation of land, whether de facto or through national legislation.

— The Indian vote on November 9 reflects Delhi’s traditional stance on the Israel-Palestine conflict, in which it has supported a negotiated two-state solution leading to the establishment of a sovereign, independent, and viable Palestinian state living within secure and recognised borders in peace with Israel.

— The resolution had also demanded the immediate, continuous, sufficient and unhindered provision of essential goods and services to civilians throughout the Gaza Strip.

— India had said that terrorism is a “malignancy” and knows no borders, nationality or race and the world should not buy into any justification of terror acts.

— India’s challenge is not with the nature of its UNGA vote that is non-binding and, in any case, ineffective.

— Delhi has underlined the primacy of its concerns on international terrorism without abandoning its demand for a two-state solution in Palestine.

(Source: India’s vote on UN resolution marks a new realism in Middle East policy, Israel-Hamas conflict: India supports UN resolution against ‘Israeli settlements’)

Points to Ponder

Two state solution

Countries bordering Israel

Places in News in Israel and Gaza Strip

Related Previous Year Questions

‘The expansion and strengthening of NATO and a stronger US-Europe strategic partnership works well for India.’ What is your opinion about this statement? Give reasons and examples to support your answer. (2023)

“The USA is facing an existential threat in the form of China, that is much more challenging than the erstwhile Soviet Union.” Explain. (2021)

WTO is an important international institution where decisions taken affect countries in a profound manner. What is the mandate of WTO and how binding are their decisions? Critically analyse India’s stand on the latest round of talks on Food security. (2014)

QUESTION 2: How Chief Information Commission is constituted and what are the eligibility criteria for appointment of information commissioners and chief information commissioner? Discuss the powers and functions of Information Commissions with respect to complaints.

Introduction:

— Section 12 of the RTI Act of 2005 provides that the Central Government shall, by notification in the Official Gazette, establish a body to be known as the Central Information Commission.

— The Central Information Commission shall consist of the Chief Information Commissioner (CIC) and such number of Central Information Commissioners not exceeding 10 as may be deemed necessary.

Body:

You may incorporate some of the following points in the body of your answer:

Eligibility Criteria

— Section 12(3) of the RTI Act 2005 provides as follows:

(a) The Prime Minister, who shall be the Chairperson of the committee;
(b) The Leader of Opposition in the Lok Sabha ; and
(c) A Union Cabinet Minister to be nominated by the Prime Minister.

— Section 12(5) of the RTI Act 2005 provides that the CIC and IC shall be persons of eminence in public life with wide knowledge and experience in law, science and technology,social service, management, journalism, mass media or administration and governance.

— Section 12(6) of the RTI Act 2005 provides that CIC and IC shall not be a Member of Parliament or Member of the Legislature of any State or Union Territory as the case may be , or hold any other office of profit or connected with any political party or carrying on any business or pursuing any profession.

Powers and Functions of Information Commissions with resect to Complaints

— It shall be the responsibility of the Central Information Commission or the State Information Commission, as the case may be, to receive and investigate any complaint,—

(a) Who has been unable to submit a request to a Central Public Information Officer or State Public Information Officer.

(b) Who has been refused access to any information requested under this Act;

(c)Who has not been given a response to a request for information or access to information within the time limit specified under this Act;

(d) Who has been required to pay an amount of fee which he or she considers unreasonable;

(e) Who believes that he or she has been given incomplete, misleading or false information under this Act; and

(f) In respect of any other matter relating to requesting or obtaining access to records under this Act.

Conclusion:

— Heeralal Samariya was appointed as the chief of the Central Information Commission (CIC) by President Droupadi Murmu. The top post of the transparency panel was lying vacant after Y K Sinha’s term.

— The Chief Information Commissioner, or Information Commissioners shall hold office for a period of three years from the date on which he enters upon his office.

(Source: Heeralal Samariya sworn in as Chief Information Commissioner, cic.gov.in)

Points to Ponder

Power and Functions with respect to Appeals and Penalties.

What is the reporting procedure?

Related Previous Year Questions

Discuss the role of the Election Commission of India in the light of the evolution of the Model Code of Conduct. (2022)

“Recent amendments to the Right to Information Act will have a profound impact on the autonomy and independence of the Information Commission”. Discuss. (2020)

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Previous Mains Answer Practice

UPSC Essentials: Mains answer practice — GS 1 (Week 24)

UPSC Essentials: Mains answer practice — GS 1 (Week 23)

UPSC Essentials: Mains answer practice — GS 2 (Week 23)

UPSC Essentials: Mains answer practice — GS 2 (Week 24)

UPSC Essentials: Mains answer practice — GS 3 (Week 23)

UPSC Essentials: Mains answer practice — GS 3 (Week 22)

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